- By Dipti Kurmi
- December 4, 2019
Blood pressure is the pressure of circulating blood vessels. Most of this pressure is due to work done by pumping blood through the circulatory system. Used without further specification, ” blood pressure” usually refers to the pressure in large arteries of the systemic circulation. Blood pressure is usually expressed in terms of the systolic pressure (maximum during one heartbeat ) over diastolic pressure(minimum in between two heartbeats) and is measured in millimeters of mercury (mmHg), above the surrounding atmospheric pressure.
BP is one of the vital signs, along with respiratory rate, heart rate, oxygen saturation , and body temperature. normal resting BP is an adult is approximately 120 millimeters of mercury (16kPa)systolic, and 80 millimeters of mercury (11kPa)diastolic, abbreviated”12/80 mmHg ”. Globally, the average BP, age standardized, has remained about the same since 1975 to the present, at approx.127/79 mmHg in men and 122/77 mmHg in woman.
Blood pressure is too that low is called hypotention. Pressure that is consistently high is called hypertension. Both have many causes and may be of sudden onset or of long duration. Long-term hypertension is a risk factor for many diseases, including heart disease ,stroke and kidney failure.
Long – term hypertension is more common than long -term hypertension is more common than long -term hypertension. Which is usually only diagnosed when it causes symptoms.
High BP or hypertension is a major problem health that increase the risk of heart attacks, stroke, eye damage ,atherosclerosis and kidney failure. You get this BP when blood vessels are clogged then its flow is obstructed in the body in all directions. Therefore exerts a lot of pressure to get their way forward in each direction. This blood pressure is termed as high blood pressure or hypertension. Also remember that this arterial blockage puts so much pressure on the heart(which is pumping blood) and makes it more difficult to overcome that leads to a heart attack or stroke or even impaired renal function.
Common reasons of high BP include genetics, stress, obesity, excessive alcohol consumption, high salt intake , age ,smoking, lack of aerobic or regular exercise, apnea sleep, pregnancy, excessive intake of birth control pills or pain medications, diabetes, dehydration, physical inactivity, poor diet, kidney problems, adrenal diseases can increase BP.
Symptoms of high Blood Pressure
- Difficulty in breathing
- Nose bleeding
- Chest pain
This BP is also called silent murderer. Because many people do not find any visible symptoms and therefore become aware of this condition despite suffering from it.
Low BP might seem desirable, and for some people , it causes no problems.
However, for many people, abnormally low BP can cause dizziness and fainting. In severe cases, low BP can be life-threatening.
A BP reading lower than 90 millimeters of mercury(mmHg) for the top number(systolic)or 60 mmHg for the bottom number(diastolic) is generally considered low BP.
Symptoms of Low Blood Pressure
- Dizziness or light headedness
- Blurred vision
- Lack of concentration
- Weakness and vomiting
Reasons of Low BP
Systolic pressure – The top number in a BP reading is the amount of pressure your heart generates when pumping blood through your arteries to the rest of your body.
Diastolic pressure – The bottom number in a BP reading refers to the amount of pressure in your arteries when your heart is at rest between beats.
Current guidelines identify normal BP as lower than 120/80mmHg. Throughout the day, BP varies, depending on body position, breathing rhythm, stress level, physical condition, medications you take, what you eat and drink, and time of day. Blood pressure is usually lowest at night and rises sharply on waking.
Condition that cause low BP
Pregnancy – Because the circulatory system expands rapidly during pregnancy , blood pressure is likely to drop. This is normal ,and blood pressure usually returns to your pre-pregnancy level after you’ve given birth .
Heart problems – Some heart conditions that can lead to low blood pressure include extremely low heart rate (Brady cardia), heart valve problems, heart attack and heart failure.
Endocrine problems – thyroid conditions such as parathyroid disease, adrenal insufficiency (Addison’s ‘s disease ), low blood sugar (hypoglycemia). In some cases, diabetes can trigger low blood pressure.
Dehydration – When your body loses more water than it takes in, it can cause weakness, dizziness and fatigue. Fever, vomiting, severe diarrhea, overuse of diuretics and strenuous exercise can lead to dehydration.
Blood loss – Losing a lot of blood , such as from a major injury or internal bleeding, reduces the amount of blood in your body, leading to a severe drop in blood pressure.
Severe infection (septicemia) – When an infection in the body enters the bloodstream, it can lead to a life- threatening drop in blood pressure called septic shock.
Severe allergic reaction (anaphylaxis) – Common triggers of this severe and potentially life – threatening reaction include foods, certain medications, insect venoms and latex. Anaphylaxis can cause breathing problems , hives, itching, swollen throat and dangerous drop in blood pressure.
Lack of nutrients in your diet – A lack of the vitamin B-12 and folate can keep your body from producing enough red blood cells (anemia),causing low blood pressure.
Some solutions for High Blood Pressure
Garlic can help lower high pressure. Cooked or raw or paste the bulb helps control hypertension and diminish cholesterol levels too. Garlic unwinds blood vessels by empowering the generation of nitric oxide and hydrogen sulfide. Consume one or two cloves of garlic daily. crushing the cloves creates hydrogen sulfide, a chemical that helps improve blood flow evacuates gas, and decrease high BP.
In addition to lowering your blood sugar, chia seeds are effective at reducing blood pressure. This is because chia seeds are high in omega-3 fatty acids, which have been shown to work as a blood thinner and may decrease blood pressure. Chia seeds are richen fiber, protein, omega-3fatty acids, antioxidants and micronutrients. They may aid weight loss and help reduce inflammation, blood pressure, cholesterol and triglycerides. Those with high BP might find seeds ability to decreased blood pressure desirable. However, chia seeds may enhance the activity of blood pressure medications, which could lead to hypotension or low BP. take chia seeds in your drink or ice cream or another item.
Celery (apium graveolens)
Studies show that the juice and seeds of the celery plant are safe and effective treatments for high BP.
The common oats is a soluble fiber – rich cereal grain that has been found to significantly reduce both systolic and diastolic blood pressure in patients with hypertension.
Consumption of green tea and oolong decreased risk of
developing hypertension or high BP.
Basil or tulsi
Basil is an effective herbal remedy that helps lower systolic, diastolic and mean arterial pressure. It extract reducing high BP. this herb and its extract function that affects endothelia (proteins uses to concentric blood vessels)in the blood. Take few leaves of basil leaves and crush them to extract their juice. Add this juice in a glass of water and shake well. Drink this water to get rid of high BP. Regular consumption of this water will help get rid of high BP or take some dried basil leaves and add to a cup. Then pour of hot water over it. Allow it to steep for few minutes and then strain the tea into another cup . Drink this tea to reduce high BP.
Regular consumption of this tea help maintain adequate blood pressure levels.
Lemon reduce high blood pressure, not only for the elimination of stiffness, but also keep the blood vessels flexible and soft. it is also rich in vitamin c, which helps reduce the risk of developing heart failure, especially if you take this lemon juice. here vitamin c is an antioxidant that effectively neutralizes the harmful effect caused by free radicals in the blood and heart. take half lemon squeeze lemon wedge to extract their juice using a lemon squeezer. add this warm water and mixed well. drink this lemon water in the morning on an empty stomach to reduce high BP levels in the body.
After this process daily in the mooring without adding sugar or salt to it will certainly help to get rid of high BP.
Curcurbocitrin is a compound present in watermelon seeds that helps expand blood capillaries to the free flow of blood in the heart and other body parts. These seeds also help to improve the functioning of the kidneys and therefore reduce high BP and arthritis.
Florida Pilot study has also been established that this watermelon lowers blood pressure with its vasodilator effect. take 1 teaspoonful of dried watermelon seeds and poppy seeds ( khus khus ). ground into powder form and then take one teaspoon of this mixture. take this mixture twice a day. once in the morning on an empty stomach and one in evening. if you daily did this process will reduce high BP levels in the blood and keep fit and healthy.
another method – Cursed watermelons dried seeds 2 tablespoon then add this to boiling water and stir well. allow to soak for about an hour or more without disturbing it. Strain using a colander and take 4 tablespoons of water periodically throughout the day. Regularly keep drinking this water (fresh made)until you get complete relief from the problem and then follows this process occasionally to keep blood pressure level perfect.
Who have been suffering from high BP have to keep your body well hydrated. Coconut water is one such remedy to hydrate your body and thus prevents dehydration and also lower blood pressure. Coconut is rich in vitamin C, potassium magnesium, which help reduce systolic blood pressure. So drink water every day will help get rid of high BP. you may also use coconut oil in cooking.
Mixing even half teaspoon of Amla powder in water can help you control blood pressure. You can also mixed it with a teaspoon of raw unpasteurized honey.
Onion is one of the most effective remedies that help lower blood pressure. Flavone contains an antioxidant known as quercetin, which reduces high BP and also maintains healthy of using this onion in your diet to get rid of high BP. take a medium sized onion and peel it of the skin. eat this onion either directly or in any other form, such as cooked. or simply add the onion to your curries, soups, salads or you can eat onion juice along with water. regular repeat this process eliminate high BP level another process Take a bowl and add equal amounts of onion juice and honey. stir well and it to cure hypertension. daily consumption of this mixture for twice a day for week or two high BP is adequately clear and balanced without any health problems.
Honey has a soothing and calming effect on blood vessels and calming effect on blood vessels and reduces the pressure from the heart. It contains natural antioxidants, vitamins, minerals, amino acids, enzymes and probiotics. This if used regularly will help reduce stress kidney is considered as one cause of hypertension or high BP. so this way, it helps a lot in reducing the levels of high BP. Take raw, organic and eat on an empty stomach in the morning honey. Regular consumption of this honey every morning on an empty stomach can give relief from high BP. Another method Take a small bowl and honey 2 spoon and add ginger juice 1 spoon and cumin seed powder 2 spoons mixed well and eat this mixture to clean high BP levels keep you this mixture for twice a day will help to reduce high levels of pa.
another method Take equal amount of honey juice of basil leaves. Shake well and keep this fasting (without eating anything in the morning). Taking this mixture daily for a few weeks to avoid high levels of blood pressure and keeps you healthy with its effective properties.
Fenugreek seeds are rich in potassium and dietary seeds are rich in potassium and dietary fiber, which is essential for lowering high BP and also controls your weight. fenugreek seeds are considered low – sodium diet that effectively balances in blood pressure. and include them in your diet to get rid of the problem. Take a pan and pour enough water in it and boil it for a few minutes. Then add fenugreek seeds in the boiling water. let it boil for 5 -7 minutes and strain the mixture. Allow seeds are obtained fresh for a few minutes and then place the seeds in a blender . blend to make paste adding boiled water on it . finally consume this paste twice daily once in the mooring in an empty stomach and then again at night to get relief from high BP. continue this remedy for at least 3 month to observe the significant improvement in the levels of blood pressure and also for the proper functioning of the heart another method . take a cup and place the fenugreek seeds in it. Then pour hot water over it and let it soak for about several minutes. Now take a strainer to strain the tea and discard the seeds. Drink this tea by adding honey or stevia. Regular consumption of this tea not only helps control blood pressure but also controls your weight, diabetes, cholesterol and other problems.
Food should be avoided in High BP
Salt , meat, pizza, junk food, canned soups, tomato, sugar, packaged foods. pickle, noodles, maid, cows milk , butter, alcohol, cigarette, ghee, baking soda.
Some remedies of low BP
Carrot juice and honey
A cup of carrot juice if taken along with honey can relieve the symptoms of blood pressure in a better way. This juice regulates the blood pressure levels and improves the blood circulation.
Make a paste of almond and boil it into milk . Drink it to prevent low BP. almonds are rich in omega -3 fatty acids.
The seeds of cocoa tree are the origin of the dark chocolate and are full of healthy compounds like flavonoids, polyphenols, and catechism. By keeping the blood vessel open, these compounds helps the blood process oxygen and process oxygen and supplements more efficiently throughout the whole body. Dark chocolate can decrease the danger of coronary illness and stroke, lower bad cholesterol and increase good cholesterol levels.
Drinking more water can help increase blood volume , which can alleviate one of the potential causes of low BP. it can also help avoid dehydration.
Drink more fluids – Drinks at least 2 to 3 liter of water every day . Besides this include drinks like coconut water, bael ka sharbat and Aam panna in your low BP diet . These will give you the necessary electrolytes required to maintain the fluids in your body. Dehydration is a common cause of low BP. Pomegranate juice is rich in antioxidants called polyphenols and may help you lower blood pressure. One of the best ways to fight dehydration is water, so don’t forget to load enough water for the day.
Caffeinated beverages like tea or coffee may help blood pressure temporarily. when your blood pressure dips suddenly, circulation going. It causes short, but dramatic increase in your blood pressure. Although nobody knows why this happens, but it is believed to help your improve your blood pressure.
Chew five to six tulsi leaves every morning. Tulsi have high levels of potassium, magnesium and vitamin c which can help in regulating your blood pressure. It is also loaded with an antioxidant called eugenic which keeps the pressure under control and lower cholesterol.
Drinking beet juice can reduce blood pressure in the short and long terms. Drinking beet juice led to lower blood pressure in people with hypertension who drank 250 milliliters about 1 cup of juice every day for 4 week.
soak 32 small raisins in a ceramic bowl full of water over night, chew them one by one first things in the morning chew well and drink the water also.